What we were shown during the class and through my personal research there are few more artists and arts movements which appealed to me.
Also main inspiration for this project came from Bauhaus Art School in Germany found by Walter Gropius and managed by 3 different architect-directors: Walter Gropius (1919-1928) Hannes Meyer (1928-1930) and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1930-1933) and the school existed in 3 German cities: Weimar (1919 to 1925), Dessau (1925-1932) and Berlin (1932-1933). Bauhaus was famous for the approach to design, fine arts and crafts.The school had to be closed during Nazi Germany and was later reopened by it’s former students. Bauhaus means literally ‘house of construction’, which meant ‘School of Building’.
Oskar Schlemmer was a German painter and scenograph, also he was the director of the Stage Workshop (at the Bauhaus of Weimar 1923-1929), who redefined the basic elements of ‘Stage Design’. With ‘The Triadic ballet’ he experimented with abstract and geometric play of form, colour, movement, tone, light and the interaction of the individual in space as dancers-figures. The costumes by Schlemmer were designed to limit the dancers in their movement: deliberately hard and heavy to move in, the costumes were made out of plastic, metal or wood, so the dancers were acting as a doll, or figurine not having to pretend to know how, but is forced to move like one. The point was to transcend the hard materials into the flowing movement of a person in space. The dancers become as such a living plastics on stage. Schelmmer experience in the theatre was purely act of pleasure, but drawing and painting were disciplines were he was very rigorous.He figured out that the main subject which he found in both aspect was the notion of space, therefore his following painting aim to theories the performance in the space, while the scenography would put it in practice.
“The Tragic Ballet” emphasises on the Bauhaus design elements – the 3 primary colours (yellow, blue and red) and geometrical shapes (triangle, square and circle). I can definitely appreciate the uniqueness of the spatial forms of the costumes and the form’s emphasis on their movement is interesting.
Since ‘The Tragic Ballet’ is an offspring of Bauhaus art school, one can expect the merger of different arts and materials to bring out the functionality in the architecture, art and theatre.
Also the Futurism, which was a modern movement born 1909 in Milan through Tommaso Marinetti, an Italian editor who wrote the Futurist Manifesto and published it in a French newspaper “Le Figaro”. Tommaso Marinetti suggested to make the audience uncomfortable, considering that applause at the end would indicate that the show was not shocking enough or it was boring.
In his Manifesto, Marinetti encouraged to break out convention and established monument as museum, through violence: “destroy the museums, the libraries, every type of academy”, therefore it had been through shocking performances that futurism reach a large public. Marinetti declared that “Art, in fact, can be nothing but violence, cruelty, and injustice.”
Nonetheless, until the 70’s performance art was not consider as it is today, but was left behind.